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Evolutionary Psychology in 2024 with Robert Wright

Exploring evolutionary psychology, cognitive biases, and AI's future with Robert Wright; unraveling the evolutionary underpinnings of human behaviour and societal progression.

Picture of evolution from ape to man on laptop.

In this insightful episode of the LOAF Podcast, we had the privilege to converse with Robert Wright, an influential thinker and the brain behind the Nonzero newsletter on Substack. Our discussion ventured deep into the core of evolutionary psychology, a field that Wright has significantly contributed to, particularly through his groundbreaking work, "The Moral Animal". This conversation illuminates the essence of evolutionary psychology, exploring how it elucidates the complexities of human behavior and cognition through the lens of evolutionary theory.

Unraveling the Fabric of Evolutionary Psychology

At the heart of our dialogue, Wright delves into the foundational principles of evolutionary psychology, a discipline that seeks to understand the mental and psychological traits—such as memory, perception, and language—as evolved adaptations, shaped by natural selection. Wright articulates, "Evolutionary psychology is about the brain's design to navigate a landscape of social dynamics, including cooperation and competition, which are framed within our evolutionary past."

The Algorithms of Life and Human Behaviour

Wright shares a compelling analogy to describe the sophisticated nature of biological development and its parallels with psychological evolution: "You watch an animal mature from egg to animal and go, 'whoa, that's a hell of an algorithm that generated that thing... it actually looks more than you might think like the development of a single organism as if we are building a planetary superorganism.'" This perspective underscores the intricate algorithms underlying both our physical and psychological traits, suggesting a broader, interconnected evolutionary trajectory.

Meditation, Perception, and Cognitive Evolution

A significant portion of our conversation with Wright focused on how meditation can profoundly impact our cognitive biases, a subject he explores in depth in "Why Buddhism is True". Wright observes, "Meditation can erode some of these cognitive biases..." Our mental processes, including biases, are not just random quirks but products of evolutionary pressures that can be understood and, to some extent, mitigated through practices like meditation.

The Future of AI and Evolutionary Insights

The conversation also touched upon the implications of artificial intelligence for understanding human psychology and societal evolution. Wright cautions, "There is no way we are going to wisely usher ourselves into the next phase of technological evolution if we don't get over all the international conflicts... You cannot wisely regulate AI at the merely national level." His concern emphasizes the need for evolutionary psychology to inform our approach to emerging technologies, ensuring they complement rather than conflict with our innate psychological tendencies and needs.

You cannot wisely regulate AI at the merely national level.

Evolution, Cooperation, and the Nonzero-Sum Game

A fascinating aspect of our discussion was Wright's interpretation of human societal evolution as a series of nonzero-sum games, a concept central to his book "Nonzero". He elucidates, "Evolutionary psychology teaches us how naturally biased we all are towards ourselves and our groups and how subtly the biases work... understanding our moral intuitions and for that matter the whole human predicament a lot more clearly." This insight from evolutionary psychology offers a blueprint for understanding the progression of human societies towards more complex, cooperative structures.


Our engaging discussion with Robert Wright on the LOAF Podcast provided a deep dive into the realm of evolutionary psychology, exploring its principles, implications, and potential futures. By examining how evolutionary forces have shaped human psychology, Wright offers a unique lens through which we can understand ourselves and the world around us. Find out more by checking out the full interview on our YouTube channel.

Explore Wright's contributions to evolutionary psychology and beyond by visiting his Nonzero newsletter, a platform where he continues to unravel the complexities of human nature and society's evolution towards a more integrated and enlightened future.


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